This year, 2020, marks the 100th Anniversary of the 19th Amendment which secured the vote for women by prohibiting the government from denying the right to vote based on a U.S. citizen’s sex. The amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920 and certified on August 26, 1920. It marked a major success for the women’s suffrage movement.
The amendment was a significant step forward in the fight for the vote in 1920. However, men and women of color were still denied their right in the United States through a number of voter suppression strategies until the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Learn more about the history of voting rights in the U.S. with this article from Vox.
Though the 19th Amendment ensured the right to vote regardless of sex, women were still far from equal in 1920. Women still experienced discrimination at school, work, in sports, and in other areas of life. The fight for women’s rights and gender equality continued throughout the twentieth century, and continues today.
In celebration of the 19th Amendment, UB Special Collections & Archives has compiled a list of digital exhibits, online guides and tools, and other resources to help you learn about and celebrate the legacy of suffrage, women’s rights, feminism, and voting rights.
Digital Exhibits and Resource Guides:
- In celebration of the centennial of the 19th Amendment and of the 100th birthday of the League of Women Voters of Baltimore City, the UB Special Collections & Archives created the digital exhibit The League of Women Voters: The Legacy of Suffrage. Check out this exhibit to learn how the LWV of Baltimore City continued to support voters and their community in the city, state, country, and internationally!
- RLB Library created a wonderful Women’s History Resource Guide highlighting books, articles, resources, online exhibits and experiences, and more!
- Learn about the discrimination women faced at work with oral history interviews from the Baltimore Voices Company Records. Search our oral histories in the Internet Archive to access interviews with Elizabeth Dellow, Michelle Jenkins, and others, and learn about their experiences as women with unions, labor issues, sexism, and racism at work in the late 1970s and 1980s in Baltimore.
- Check out our recent blog post about the Baltimore City Office of Civil Rights Records in the UB Special Collections & Archives to learn how this city agency supported women’s rights and fought discrimination
Additional Digital Exhibits, Articles, and Resources:
- Because of Her Story from Smithsonian American Women’s History Initiative
- #19SuffrageStories Countdown from Smithsonian’s Because of Her Story
- Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote exhibit from the Library of Congress
- Rightfully Hers: American Women and the Vote exhibit from the National Archives
- 2020 Women’s Vote Centennial Initiative (WVCI) shares programs, projects, and activities that commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment
- Women’s Suffrage Centennial Commission commemorates and celebrates the 100th Anniversary of the 19th Amendment nationwide
- The League of Women Voters: supporting voters for 100 years and counting
- The 19th Amendment didn’t give women the right to vote, by Anna North, August 18, 2020 for Vox
- The Voting Machine That Displayed Different Ballots Based on Your Sex, by David Kindy, June 26, 2019 for Smithsonian Magazine [SmithsonianMag.com]
- Maryland suffrage News (Baltimore, Md.) 1912-1920 from Chronicling America Historic American Newspapers. A weekly newspaper founded by Edith Houghton Hooker in 1912, as the voice of the Just Government League (JGL) of Maryland. The JGL was a pro-women’s suffrage organization that she founded in 1909.
- The Historic Maryland Newspapers Project from the University of Maryland, College Park: Find more historic newspapers documenting the suffrage movement in Maryland
- Throughout August 2020 follow #19SuffrageStories on Instagram and Twitter from the Library of Congress, Smithsonian, and U.S. National Archives
- Throughout August 2020 follow @rlblibrary on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook for more from the UB Special Collections & Archives celebrating the 19th Amendment and the Legacy of Suffrage!
- During the Week of August 17-21, 2020 follow #MDSuffrage #MarylandWomenVote #ChroniclingAmerica and #HistoricMDNews to find unique stories, objects, photographs, newspaper articles, and more related to women’s suffrage in Maryland or about the broader women’s suffrage movement, all created/published in Maryland.
We hope you enjoy celebrating and learning about the passage of the 19th Amendment, the legacy of suffrage, and voting rights! And remember– Baltimore votes!